In line with the Paris Agreement, the sustainable mobility strategy sets out Europe’s direction with regard to transport. A target has been set for the European Union to become climate-neutral by 2050, which means that almost all new vehicles are zero-emission vehicles, that 100 European cities are entirely decarbonised, and that all journeys of less than 500 km are carbon neutral.
France has transposed these targets into its national low-carbon strategy, implementing them by means of legislation (the most emblematic of which has been the 2019 Mobility Orientation Law and the Climate and Resilience Law adopted in May 2021), but also through vehicle taxation measures set out every year in the Finance Law. Under threat of EU sanctions if it fails to accelerate its action plan to meet European air quality targets, France has increased the number of measures, meaning more work for fleet managers.
1. Greening of fleets and quotas for low-emission vehicles (LEV)
The Mobility Orientation Law, which deals specifically with mobility policies, sets out the obligation on businesses and local authorities to increase the share of low-emission vehicles when they renew their vehicle fleets (for fleets of more than 100 vehicles). In 2021, the Climate Law replaced these measures by stepping up the ‘greening up’ targets for 2027 and 2030. When fleets are renewed, from 1 January, the share of low-emission vehicles must be as follows :
||Local and regional authorities
|10% in 2022
||30% from 1 July 2021
|20 % in 2024
|40 % in 2027
||37.4% in 2026
|70 % in 2030
In practice: these renewal costs must be considered alongside the usage costs, which are taken into account in TCO calculations, and also alongside the new environmental bonus/penalty (see below).
2. Provision of electric charging points and carsharing
Another new feature of the Mobility Orientation Law is the requirement from 11 March 2021 for new buildings or buildings undergoing major renovation to have electric charging points. Companies that have buildings with a staff car park are directly affected. Residential and mixed-use buildings are also affected by this regulation. In terms of installation, the charging points must be able to supply at least 20% of parking spaces to keep pace with the targets for the growth in electric vehicles. These requirements will extend to existing buildings that have company car parks with more than 20 spaces from 2025, unless major work is required to adapt the electricity network.
The Mobility Orientation Law also confirms the inclusion of carsharing in the modes of commuter transport that could generate entitlement to the sustainable mobility allowance. The amount, criteria and terms of award of this allowance are governed by the company agreement and are recorded during annual negotiations.
☑ To follow: changes in assistance measures for charging point installation and connection to the electricity grid that could be covered (cost of works or an installation grant, tax credit, etc.)